International Scientific Conference "Multilevel Governance in Education: Top-Down Governance, Transfer of Authority and Regional Cooperation" was held at the National Research University "Higher School of Economics"
The conference was organized by the Centre for Education Law of the Institute of Education of the "Higher School of Economics" with the participation of the International Project "EduLaw" (Erasmus + Mundus - Curriculum Development)
For two days, the conference participants had a discussion about possible changes in the distribution of powers among different levels of government in the field of education. The conference was attended by speakers from Russia, Poland, Belgium, South Africa, Germany and the USA.
The conference was opened by Prof Victor Bolotov, a Scientific Director of the Center of Education Quality Monitoring at the Institute of Education, National Research University "Higher School of Economics", Doctor of Sciences. Professor made a report "Certain collisions in the development of multilevel management of the Russian school". The report referred to the problem of the relationship among different levels of government, and also raised the question of where the center of decision-making in the field of education should be: "at the state level or as close as possible to parents". Victor Bolotov also noted the existence of a unified education system in the USSR, when in all schools there was a certain list of textbooks and a clearly marked educational program from which it was impossible to deviate. However, at the moment the educational program and the list of references are independently developed and approved by school itself.
Why do kids leave school? First of all, due to the low standard of living of people: school fees, hunger, children's responsibility for housekeeping due to the death of their parents, teenage pregnancy, lack of teachers, and a low level of education quality. In connection with these problems, the Department of Education monitors the situation and tries to influence it by conducting various programs in support of state funding for schools where students do not need to pay fees or pay for food, programs are also being conducted to increase the participation of parents in the school life of children, their preparation educational plan. The main task, according to the speaker, is to work on the reduction of "emotional poverty" and the development of programs in this area, as well as the elimination from the profession of incompetent teachers who can injure students, both emotionally and physically.
Ingo Richter and Hans-Peter Füssel spoke about the German experience, focusing on inclusive education and the education of children with special educational needs. The speakers came to the conclusion that there is a big problem with the motivation of attending school: what can influence the choice of a student in favour of attending school rather than making money for a living.