The study of the institutional differentiation in Post-Soviet countries provides a unique opportunity to trace the changes across the national models which used to bear similar characteristics and also experienced similar reforms. The studies in other regions, though, suggest that despite all the similarities across the countries, national/regional factors seem to be powerful preventing national models from the convergence (Torres and Schugurensky 2002, Gornitzka et al 2007, Silova 2010). Thus, what happened to the former Soviet systems: do they converge or diverge, what are similarities and differences in their present structures and institutional landscapes, which factors have driven these developments?
The research employs an institutional research perspective, in which institutional diversity is treated as a variety of higher education institutions within a higher education system (Huisman 2015). The process of emergence of new higher education institutions is an institutional differentiation, which can be horizontal (institutions with new functional types) and vertical (hierarchical by status, quality, prestige) (Huisman 2015).
Gornitzka, A., Maassen, P., Olsen, J., and B.Stensaker. 2007. “Europe of Knowledge”: Search for a New Pact”. In University Dynamics and European Integration, edited by Peter Maassen and Johan P. Olsen, 181–214. Springer.
Heyneman, S. P. (2000). Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 22(2), 173–191. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1164394
Huisman, J. (2015). Framework for the international research project „Higher education systems dynamics and institutional diversity in post-Soviet countries”.
Smolentseva, A. 2012. “Access to Higher Education in the Post-Soviet States: Between Soviet Legacy and Global Challenges”. Paper commissioned and presented at Salzburg Global Seminar, Session 495 “Optimizing talent: Closing educational and social mobility gaps worldwide”. October 2-7, 2012.
Silova, Iveta and Steiner-Khamsi, Gita. 2008. Unwrapping the Post-Socialist Reform Package. In: Silova, I. and Steiner-Khamsi, G. (Eds.). How NGOs React: Globalization and Education Reform in the Caucasus, Central Asia and Mongolia. Kumarian Press.
Silova, I. 2010. “Rediscovering Post-Socialism in Comparative Education”. In Post-Socialism is not Dead: (Re)Reading the Global in Comparative Education. International Perspectives on Education and Society, edited by I.Silova, volume 14, 1–24.
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