Students cheat and plagiarize more if they believe most of their classmates to do just all the same. A recent study by Evgeniia Shmeleva and Tatiana Semenova, experts at the IOE Center for Sociology of Higher Education, looks at how factors of learning environment, and specifically the way students perceive the stance towards dishonest practices that their peers espouse, act as modulators of academic dishonesty.
In their commentary featured in International Higher Education, Philip G. Altbach and Hans de Wit of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College (USA), IOE’s long-standing partner for a vast academic agenda, reflect on the main reasons behind the growing spate of redundant research publications and what needs to be done to rectify the trend.
An international research team involving IOE has reported findings from a large-scale project that benchmarks the learning outcomes among senior students of Computer Science (CS) at U.S., Indian, Chinese and Russian universities. Based on a unique testing methodology developed by ETS, the study finds that U.S. undergraduates have substantially stronger ability across dimensions of the CS curriculum than their peers from India, China and Russia. The paper has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A recent study by IOE experts Alina Ivanova, Diana Kaiky and Yulia Kuzmina finds a link between the phonological ability of school starters (e.g., sensitivity to the sound composition of speech, the ability to identify individual sounds and syllables, etc.) and their capacity in math. The socio-economic status of the child’s family turns out to be an important modulator in the phonology–math relationship, the study suggests.
There is never a single-model approach or uniform guidance as to how an educational leader should best proceed to spearhead reforms that can spark positive change to benefit multiple realms and stakeholder groups. Letters to a New Minister of Education, a volume edited by Dr. Fernando M. Reimers that has recently been out in the U.S., shares a deep well of cross-country experience in how to make sustainable transformations in education come about.